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What causes Addiction ?

Is addiction one thing or many?

A dependence or commitment to a habit, practice, or habit-forming substance to the extent that its cessation causes trauma; mostly it is thought of as an addiction to psychoactive substances or psychoactive drugs-chemicals that act on the central nervous system (CNS) and induce feelings of pleasure or well being...When/If used for a prolonged period of time, these substances can cause individuals to become physically dependent as their bodies require a steady flow of them to function normally...

Traditionally defined:


Historically, addiction has been defined as a physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances as alcohol, tobacco, heroin, drugs, which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain. The definition of addiction was easily accepted, although confusion still persists in the terms-addiction vs habituation.

It can also be regarded as an involvement continually , with a substance or an activity despite the negative consequences that are associated with it.

Sudden cravings are similar to reflexes.. surprised??

Partly explained by genetic vulnerability, …..divided into 2 groups :
(1) a relatively homogeneous group of hard core addicts
(2) a heterogeneous group of individuals with some addictive behaviors; differences in 'loss of control' may vary in both the groups.
Orthogonally, emphasis on addiction as a social problem implying transfer of control of addiction away from the individual-but in the “upward” rather than the “downward” direction....

“What is Addiction?”

Answering this question, would be an ambition, that is clearly beyond the reach of our present imperfect knowledge. The unhealthy choices of addicts result from two separate and competing processes-one that is hyperactive and one that is hypoactive. Many psychology professionals and laymen refer to addiction that include abnormal psychological dependency on gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, internet, work, idolizing, watching the Television, spiritual obsession, shopping etc.


Addiction is characterized by the impairment in behavioral control, craving, inability to consistently abstain and diminished recognition of significant problems with one's behaviors and interpersonal relationships.

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